Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) is a planning and design trend that seeks to create walk-able communities that are centered around a public transit node, such as a train station, a large bus stop or along a key transit route.
The movement toward TOD is in response to increasing traffic congestion, advancing urban sprawl, and a desire for a more pedestrian-friendly environment. TOD is becoming a very common theme in zoning code reform across the country. Many, if not all, of the newer zoning codes provide for and encourage the use of transit-oriented development through incentive zoning by allowing increased density at transit nodes.
Some components or themes of transit-oriented design include:
- A mix of uses including office, residential, retail as well as public spaces around a key transit node (such as a train station).
- High quality design and increased density at and near train stations.
- Designs also promote and encourage the use of bicycles, rollerblades and walking as daily forms of transportation.
- Less parking options or managed parking to insure turn-over at transit nodes.
Here are some links to help you learn more about Transit-Oriented Development: